Angela Merkel renews her mandate as Federal Chancellor after winning the German elections CDU/CSU got 42,2% of the votes, on September 22, 2013...Photo: Goncalo Silva/NurPhoto
Angela Merkel renews her mandate as Federal Chancellor after winning the German elections CDU/CSU got 42,2% of the votes, on September 22, 2013...Photo: Goncalo Silva/NurPhoto

Konrad Adenauer, the first chancellor of West Germany, was virulently opposed to Soviet expansion.

Ludwig Erhard, his economics minister, is often credited with the ‘Economic Miracle’. The first Grand Coalition, where the two largest parties shared power, was overseen by Kurt Georg Kiesinger, but his short tenure was ended with the election of Willy Brandt.

The first SPD politician to be elected chancellor since the war, Brandt was most famous for his Ostpolitik. He resigned when it was revealed one of his closest aides was an East German spy.

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Helmut Schmidt was then elected. His time in office was overshadowed by the terrorism of Black September, but Schmidt also refused to lessen West Germany’s social programs.

Helmut Kohl, the longest-serving chancellor, was instrumental in the reunification of East and West Germany. He was followed by Gerhard Schroeder, remembered for Hartz IV reforms that tackled social welfare excess. He lost to Angela Merkel, who has led Germany since 2005

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Michael V. Owens
Michael V. Owens was born in San Diego, California, but is a product of the Orlando, Florida, school system. This gave him a love of the ocean and its bounty, a rudimentary education, and a great swing for both baseball (then), and golf (now). Michael graduated with diplomas in History and English Literature, which have done little good when “debating” Trump supporters on Facebook, or trying to find a job in America. However, in Munich they have been golden! (Not the swings but the diplomas.) His choice to move here was the best one he has ever made, after coercing his wife to marry him and their having a daughter. He has lived in Munich for about 15 years and hopes at some point to learn German, for as Oscar Wilde said, “Life is too short to learn German.” That is so true on so many levels. Michael can be read with fewer constraints from his editors at www.laptopsandlederhosen.com He can also be found on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram under the name LaptopsAndLederhosen.